AFRICAN CIVIL SOCIETY DECLARATION ON ENVIRONMENTAL SUSTAINABILITY AND

AFRICAN CIVIL SOCIETY DECLARATION ON ENVIRONMENTAL SUSTAINABILITY AND
CLIMATE CHANGE TOWARDS POST-2015 DEVELOPMENT FRAMEWORK
THE NAIROBI BEYOND 2015 DECLARATION
African Civil Society from over 30 countries met during the environmental sustainability and
climate change workshop held from 14th – 15th February 2013 at Maasai Ostrich Resort and
Farm, Kajiado County, Kenya organized jointly by PACJA and Christian Aid. The aim was to
exchange information on how the Post-Rio+20 discussions are progressing in Africa, as well as
underlining the urgency and importance of environmental sustainability and responses to
climate change in the Beyond-2015 Framework.
At the United Nations Rio+20 Summit, world leaders committed themselves “to ensure the
promotion of economically, socially and environmentally sustainable future for our planet and for
present and future generations”. Sharing this vision, African Civil Society Organisations demand
world leaders to take immediate and bold decisions as well as actions that are necessary to
secure the future we want for all.
The year 2015 will be critical for the planet and for future generations as it marks the moment
of transition from Millennium Development Goals to anticipated Sustainable Development
Goals. Achieving successful negotiation of a global climate deal, together with the adoption of
radical sustainable development goals, will provide a significant breakthrough. We are calling
on world leaders to provide the requisite global leadership and not to condemn the developing
world to a disastrous situation. It is time for our leaders to stand with the people and make
decisions that are responsive to their collective aspirations.
Mindful of the need to ensure the increased awareness and participation of all stakeholders in
the ongoing Beyond-2015 consultation processes, we call for the improvement of opportunities
for engagement at all levels to enable the priorities of vulnerable, indigenous, and local
communities to be integrated in the next development agenda. As Civil Society, we dedicate
ourselves to contributing to achieve qualitative and quantitative output.
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Notably for Africa, poverty is linked to various factors such as, poor education, illiteracy weak
governance, impacts of climate change etc. As a consequence, pathways for vested interest on
resources and insatiable greed have been opened. Without major changes in developed
countries’ unsustainable lifestyles, production and consumption patterns, efforts for
eradication of poverty will still be undermined. Inevitably, the poorest and most vulnerable,
including women and indigenous groups, will suffer more if governments fail to act.
We therefore:
1. Recommend that the Beyond-2015 sustainable development agenda be underpinned by the
principle of polluter pays, common but differentiated responsibilities with respective
capabilities, equity and climate Justice. All countries should be required to make a
contribution towards the achievement of a more sustainable world, with actions based on
levels of consumption, low carbon development pathways, abilities to adapt to the effects of
climate change as well as to reduce risks and respond to disasters.
2. Demand access to appropriate and affordable clean technologies. Such technology should
be consistent with international best practice standards as well as promoting the use of
renewable energy, consider and support home-grown and indigenous technology.
3. Express our deep concern with regards to the impacts of climate change, a global
catastrophe. We are facing a real climate crisis especially given current rate of
environmental degradation and related destructive practices. We therefore see a world in
conflict on natural resources everywhere. The Beyond-2015 framework will not succeed if
there is no consideration of local realities;
4. Reiterate that the livelihoods of the developing countries’ people mostly depend on small
scale farming, pastoralism and access to safe water. We consider malnutrition and
inadequate access to water as 21st century crimes against humanity. It is therefore time to
shorten the development mile: food, education, health and empowerment mile.
5. Note that the prevailing models of economic development are characterized by wasteful
consumption habits which place undue pressure on sustainable management of natural
resources including protection of biodiversity. We therefore call for a shift from wanton
exploitation of resources to sustainability.
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Considering the current situation, the Beyond-2015 framework must address, putting as
priority poverty eradication and climate change adaptation and mitigation, by targeting the
following:
i. Combating hunger, ensuring food security and nutrition;
ii. Improved access to safe and wholesome water supply as well as adequate
sanitation;
iii. Promoting sustainable water resource management;
iv. Access to quality education and health services;
v. Promoting gender equality and empowerment of women, youth and vulnerable
groups;
vi. Equitable and universal access to social services and social protection;
vii. Reducing vulnerability and promoting resilience, including to the impacts of climate
change;
viii. Proper utilization and integrated natural resource management;
ix. Creating decent employment opportunities;
x. Access to green and clean energy;
xi. Ensuring favourable access to, and transfer of environmentally sound technologies,
including for climate change adaptation and mitigation; and
xii. Fostering peace and security.
Government and regional institutions should ensure appropriate mechanisms are put in place
for the development, validation and implementation of comprehensive trans-boundary,
regional and national sustainable development action plans. In addition, government’s
budgetary processes relating to sustainable development programmes should be transparent
and participatory and uphold the principle of good governance

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ADDIS ABABA DECLARATION OFAFRICA MINISTERIAL PREPARATORY MEETING FOR THE 57TH SESSION OF THE COMMISION ON THE STATUS OF WOMEN

Africa Ministerial CSW 57 Preparatory Meeting
From 14 to 16 January 2013, UN Women, in partnership with the UN Economic Commission for Africa (UNECA), and in collaboration with the African Union Commission (AUC), convened a meeting in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.

Ministers responsible for Gender and Women’s Affairs, Ministers of Foreign Affairs, and senior government officials from Africa met to prepare for the fifty-seventh session of the Commission on the Status of Women on the priority theme “Elimination and Prevention of All Forms of Violence Against Women and Girls”.

ADDIS ABABA DECLARATION OFAFRICA MINISTERIAL PREPARATORY MEETING FOR THE 57TH SESSION OF THE COMMISION ON THE STATUS OF WOMEN

ON

PRIORITY THEME: ELIMINATION AND PREVENTION OF ALL FORMS OF VIOLENCE AGAINST WOMEN AND GIRLS

Preamble

We, Ministers responsible for Gender and Women’s Affairs, Ministers of Foreign Affairs, and senior government officials from Africa, met in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia from 14-16 January, 2013 to prepare for the 57th Session of the Commission on the Status of Women, on the priority theme “Elimination and Prevention of All Forms of Violence Against Women and Girls”.

The meeting was attended by 39 Member States and a total number of 225 delegates comprising also members of the diplomatic corps in Ethiopia, experts, representatives of civil society organizations (CSOs), Inter-Governmental Organisations, representatives of the Africa Union and the United Nations system.

The meeting was organized by UN Women in partnership with the UN Economic Commission for Africa (UNECA), and in collaboration with the African Union Commission (AUC).

The meeting objectives were:

(i) to reflect on and propose strategies to end Violence Against Women (VAW) in preparation for the 57th session of the CSW to be held in New York from 4 – 15 March 2013,

(ii) to forge a common understanding of the mandate, role and significance of the CSW, and how Africa can better utilize the CSW outcomes to hold governments accountable on their commitments to gender equality and women’s empowerment – and in particular on eliminating and preventing violence against women,

(iii) to exchange knowledge, and best practices emanating from regional and national experiences,

(iv) to propose recommendations, priorities and key messages on how best to accelerate global, regional and national action to end VAW,

(v) to develop a strategy for engaging actors to participate in and substantively contribute to the CSW57 Outcome Document and its follow up, to propose modalities for implementation of CSW57 Outcome Document at country level.

Recognizing that Violence Against Women (VAW) is a global human rights and development phenomenon, that is

pervasive, persistent and insidious in nature, manifesting in multiple intersecting forms- including Female Genital Mutilation (FGM), rape, trafficking, forced marriage, early marriages, domestic violence;

Acknowledging that Violence Against Women and Girls (VAWG) occurs in conflict and in times of peace;

Deeply concerned about the use of rape as a weapon of war in conflict affected countries such as Mali and Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC);

Recognizing that VAWG has regional and country specifics and is deeply rooted in systemic gender inequality linked to some harmful cultural practices that perpetuate bias, discrimination and victimization;

Acknowledging existence of some positive cultural, religious and traditional values on the African continent;

Reaffirming the significant commitments by African Member States, governments and people through the ratification of international standards, and regional frameworks to end VAW including-The Beijing Platform for Action (BPFA), The Convention on Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination Against Women (CEDAW), United Nations Security Council Resolutions 1325, 1820, 1880, 1890; UN General Assembly Resolution on intensification of efforts to eliminate all forms of violence against women; General Assembly Resolution (2012) on Eliminating Female Genital Mutilation (FGM);

Further acknowledging; The Protocol to the Africa Charter on Human and People’s Rights on the Human Rights of Women in Africa; The AU Solemn Declaration on Gender Equality The International Conference on the Great Lakes Region (ICGLR Protocol on the Prevention and Suppression of Sexual Violence against Women and Children; ICGLR Heads of State’s Kampala Declaration on Sexual and Gender Based Violence (SGBV); and The Africa UNiTE Campaign on ending VAW;

Noting in particular Article 14 on Health and Reproductive Rights, of the Protocol to the African Charter on Human and People’s Rights on the Rights of Women in Africa which calls on “State Parties to ensure that the right to health of women, including sexual and reproductive health is respected and promoted” and “to protect the reproductive rights of women” (Maputo Protocol, 2003);

Cognisant of the Africa Union Commission’s exemplary leadership on gender equality commitments;

Appreciating the platform provided to voice Africa’s determination, commitment and greater action to end VAWG and in that regard UN Women’s vision and leadership and UNECA’s strategic partnership in organizing the Africa Ministerial preparatory meeting for the 57th Session of CSW; ;

Noting the gap between commitments and action; and reaffirming zero tolerance to VAWG;

WE DECLARE that in Africa Ending Violence Against Women IS NOT AN OPTION but a priority for development, peace and security, human rights, economic and social cohesion;

WE DECLARE ZERO TOLERANCE to all forms of VAWG in Africa;

We RECOMMIT to strengthen laws, policies and implement strategic actions to end VAWG; to take measures to PREVENT VAWG, so that it does not happen in the first place, and to RESPOND appropriately whenever it happens as follows:

I. ON PREVENTION

We Commit to:

1.1 Establish, monitor and assess effectiveness of measures to enforce zero tolerance to end VAWG;

1.2 Strengthen existing positive cultural practices of respect and non-violent relationships in families, schools, communities and public institutions;

1.3 Review education curricula at all levels to incorporate sexual and reproductive health in accordance with Article 14 of the Maputo Protocol;

1.4 Promote awareness raising, sensitization and training of the Police, Prosecutors, Judiciary, Military; religious, cultural, community leaders, and the community at large on women’s rights and ending VAWG;

1.5 Involve and engage traditional leaders, men and boys in VAWG prevention initiatives;

1.6 Document harmful practices that perpetuate VAWG and formulate clear strategies for their elimination;

1.7 Enforce the ICGLR Protocol on prevention and suppression of sexual violence against women and children as a way to end impunity in conflict and post conflict situations;

1.8 Scale up best practices at regional, national and local levels on strengthening families and community initiatives and other preventive strategies;

1.9 Continue empowering women at the grassroots levels so that they can claim their rights;

1.10 Enforce a policy of not granting amnesty to perpetrators of sexual violence in situations of armed conflict;

II. ON RESPONSE

We are determined to:

2.1 Ensure that the elimination of VAWG is a priority area of the post-2015 agenda with clear targets and indicators;

2.2 Enact and enforce laws and policies on VAWG;

2.2 Ensure that the right to health of women, including sexual and reproductive health, is promoted through education and service provision in line with Article 14 of the Protocol to the African Charter on Human and Peoples Rights on the Rights of Women in Africa;

2.3 Domesticate and implement General Assembly Resolution on Female Genital Mutilation (FGM) (2012) in countries where the practice exists;

2.4 Implement a multi-sectoral approach including the One Stop Centers to effectively engage all stakeholders in providing services and support to survivors of VAWG;

2.5 Enhance the buy-in of all Ministries to end VAWG, including Ministries responsible for Finance, Economic Planning, Health, Justice, Education, Home Affairs and others;

2.6 Advocate for adequate allocation of resources to end VAWG from public and private sectors and donors;

2.7 Set up special funding mechanisms for ending VAWG in all conflict, humanitarian and development settings;

2.9 Intensify economic empowerment initiatives for women as a means of uplifting the status of women and preventing VAWG;

2.10 Ensure effective representation and participation of women in all peace processes and community peace building and reconstruction initiatives as per UN Resolution 1325;

2.11 Utilize the Africa UNiTE Campaign and the Africa Women’s Decade as advocacy platforms for Zero Tolerance throughout Africa;

2.12 Make provisions, at national and community levels to fast track investigations and prosecution of perpetrators of VAWG including but not limited to special courts;

2.13 Establish regular mechanisms to collect, analyse and disseminate data on VAWG, monitor and assess effectiveness of ZERO TOLERANCE to end VAWG;

2.14 Increase men and boys participation/engagement in programmes to end VAWG;

2.15 Include civil society in regional and national norm setting, programming as well as in government delegations for a more holistic representation of regional and national concerns;

2.16 Put in place a monitoring framework for the implementation of the 57th CSW session outcomes at national, regional and global level.

ADOPTED ON this sixteenth day of January 2013, in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.

GENDER IS MY AGENDA CAMPAIGN

21st PRE-SUMMIT CONSULTATIVE MEETING ON GENDER MAINSTREAMING IN THE AFRICAN UNION

January 22-­23, 2013 Addis Ababa, Ethiopia

GENDER IS MY AGENDA CAMPAIGN

We, representatives of African civil society organizations and African women and youth leaders meeting under the umbrella of the “Gender is my Agenda Campaign” (GIMAC) at the 21st Pre-­‐Summit Consultative Meeting on Gender Mainstreaming in the African Union (AU) in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia from 22-­‐23 January 2013;

Welcoming the decision of African Heads of State and Government to devote the 20th Ordinary Session of the Summit of the African Union to the theme, “Pan-­‐Africanism and African Renaissance;”

Recognising African women’s active contributions to Pan-­‐Africanism and African

Renaissance as the AU celebrates its 50th anniversary, and the critical role of gender

equality in Africa’s development;

Recalling the African Union Gender Parity Principle (2002), the Protocol to the African Charter on Human and People’s Rights on the Rights of Women in Africa (2003), the Solemn Declaration on Gender Equality in Africa (2004), the African Youth Charter (2006) and United Nations Security Council resolution 1325 (2000);

Welcoming the vision of the Chairperson of the African Union Commission, Dr. Nkosazana Dlamini-­‐Zuma, of “A Prosperous Africa at Peace with Itself”;

Urge the Assembly of Heads of State and Government to consider and adopt the

following recommendations:

1. Include women as key partners in peace, mediation and negotiation processes in the Central African Republic (CAR), the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC), Mali, Somalia, Sudan and South Sudan.

2. Protect the rights of women in conflict and end impunity for sexual and gender-­‐ based violence, and allocate financial resources towards reparations, medical and trauma services for survivors of sexual and gender-­‐based violence.

3. Ensure women’s equal participation in all spheres decision making, and the equitable distribution of resources in the post-2015 development framework.

4. Enact and implement legislation for women to access land and actively involve women farmers in the design of adaptation strategies to address the impact of climate change on agriculture.

5. Facilitate access to land, credit, training and new technologies to encourage youth participation in agriculture.

6. Improve quality of education at all levels, and prioritize the education of girls in Science, Mathematics and Technology through appropriate scholarship programmes.

7. Develop a certification process to monitor the application of gender equality principles in the private sector.