West Africa Network for Peacebuilding Nigeria
30, Oba Babington Ashaye Crescent, off Omole Estate Phase 1, Lagos
Phone: +234-1- 819-8282
Email: firstname.lastname@example.org, Website: http://www.wanepnigeria.org
The West Africa Network for Peacebuilding (WANEP-Nigeria) with support from Oxfam Great Britain and its partners the Federal Ministry of the Environment; Climate Change Department, the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) and National Conservative Foundation (NCF) organized a three-day training of trainers workshop for selected small scale farmers including pastoralist, fish farmers; agric extension officers (ADPs) and non-governmental organizations from Nassarawa, Plateau and Katsina states.
The training facilitated by experts from WANEP, OXFAM GB, NCF and Centre for 21st Century Issues was developed in the larger context of building small scale farmers resilience to the impact of climate in agriculture, securing food security in Nigeria and reducing agro-pastoralist conflict. The specific objectives of the training are to increase participants’ knowledge and awareness on climate change impact on agricultural production; build participants understanding of their vulnerability to the impact of climate change as well as build their capacity on adaptation strategies in climate change; build participants’ skills on the use of participatory learning action (PLA) for climate change training workshop as well as build a critical mass of small scale agro-producers that can provide information and awareness on issues of Climate Change in Agriculture.
At the end of the training, participants observed that:
– The workshop was timely and very useful for small scale farmers and in its bringing out the gender dimension of the vulnerabilities of male and female small holder farmers to the realities of climate change.
– Impact of Climate Change is a critical issue affecting small scale farmers who contribute over 60% of the Non Oil sector of the Nigerian Economy.
– Agriculture is the single largest employer of labour in Nigeria. Small Scale Farmers contribute over 70% to the local food consumption in Nigeria.
– There have been frequent violent conflicts between pastoralists and farmers over grazing land and this has adverse effect on food security.
– The massive flooding witnessed in some states of the northern part of Nigeria is one of the effects of climate change which jeopardize the effort of the Transformation Agenda of the Federal government targeted at agriculture. Examples are the flash flooding witnessed in Jos North and Jos South of Plateau State, Lafia, Kokowa and Sabon Gida in Nassarawa state, Adamawa and Taraba states led to the destruction of cultivated farmlands, washing away of top soil as well as destruction of harvested farm produce which couldn’t be transported to markets due to flooding.
– The issue of drought, paucity in rainfall after the onset of planting session and increase in temperature which impact negatively on all agricultural production.
– The vulnerability of small holder female agro-producer to the impact of climate change in agriculture and the resultant impact of climate change on agriculture which include issue of crop failure, impoverishment of farming households, increase in level of school dropout and disease among other effects.
Based on the above observation, the participants recommend that:
– Government at Federal, States and Local levels should provide insured credit facilities, create conducive market environment, good transportation network for small scale farmers that would motivate and promote high productivity.
– As the sector which is the largest employer of labour, government should be proactive in the approaches in tackling drought and flooding research and sharing of information to reduce the effect of climate change on agriculture.
– There is the need for more capacity building workshop for small holder agro-producers on the realities of climate change and relevant adaptation strategies.
– There is also the need for grazing routes to be mapped out to reduce conflicts between farmers and pastoralists in Nigeria
– Government should also intensify effort on Green World Movement by providing more funds for education and extension services.